1913: Seeds of Conflict
1913: Seeds of Conflict examines a critical yet overlooked moment of transformation in Palestine, long before the Balfour Declaration and British Mandate period usually considered the matchstick for today's ongoing struggles. It was a time when identities were fluid and few Arabs or Jews living there could imagine the conflict that would engulf their region for the next century.
1913 explores the crumbling of Ottoman rule and the rise of Jewish and Palestinian nationalism through the words of those who helped shape history: Albert Antébi, a Sephardic Jew known as the Jewish 'pasha'; Ruhi al-Khalidi, the scion of a Palestine family and Jerusalem's elected representative to the Ottoman parliament, Khalil Sakakini, a Christian schoolmaster and voice for Palestinian cultural autonomy; and Arthur Ruppin, a German Zionist who opens the Palestine Office to strategize the shape of a Jewish homeland to come..
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